One of the most frequently asked questions after a positive diagnosis in a COVID-19 screening test is how to reduce the risks of contracting this disease.Currently, after more than a year of the pandemic, there are already treatments to minimize these risks. In fact, a recent therapy, always based on the patient’s clinical history and symptoms, seems to have given the definitive answer in a more than hopeful way.
Treatment with monoclonal antibodies, mAb in its acronym in English, can reduce the amount of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in the patient’s body, that is, the viral load from the disease . The lower the viral load, the lower the risk of hospitalization.

What are monoclonal antibodies and what can they help patients

Our body naturally develops antibodies to fight infections. The problem around the coronavirus is that, being a relatively “new” disease, it can fool these antibodies. The treatment based on monoclonal antibodies is developed in laboratories to specifically attack this infection and is supplied to infected people through a transfusion. In this way, all those patients who have a higher risk of suffering from the disease in a more serious way can stop the high risks of the virus in their body;so that they do not need to be hospitalized.
Monoclonal antibodies have a different process than vaccines. Vaccines encourage the body’s natural immune response, so that it is this that avoids the risk of infection and that the body is the one that makes the response to contagion. If, despite this, contagion has occurred, that is when treatment with monoclonal antibodies will come into play.Among the people who can receive treatment with monoclonal antibodies and minimize their risks are those who have mild or moderate symptoms and whose COVID-19 tests have detected contagion in the last ten days and who, in addition, have a high risk of presenting more serious symptoms due to contagion.
The treatment is administered in medical centers in the United States, in transfusion centers through an intravenous route and it is a process that takes between 3 and 4 hours.The medical professional performs an evaluation and the transfusion is immediately performed in less than an hour. For another hour the patient must remain in the center to verify that they do not present any secondary effect or allergic reaction. Experts warn that although this treatment reverses the most serious symptoms of the virus, the patient does have the ability to transmit it, so it is recommended that he remain isolated until at least ten days have passed since the first symptoms.

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