“Any product of disgust likely to turn into family denial and DADA; protest with the sound of fists of all one’s being tense in destructive action: DADA; awareness of all the means repressed up to now by the modest sense of comfortable compromise and good education: DADA; abolition of logic; rouge of the powerless of creation: DADA; of every hierarchy and social equation of values ​​established by the servants who hang out among us: DADA; every object, all objects, feelings and oxen, apparitions and the unequivocal clash of parallel lines are weapons for the struggle: DADA; abolition of memory: DADA; abolition of archeology: DADA; abolition of the prophets: DADA; abolition of the future: DADA; absolute irrefutable faith in every God who is the immediate product of spontaneity: DADA. ‘Tristan Tzara
MILAN – Today the world of art and culture remember the birth of Tristan Tzara, which took place in 1896. Romanian poet and essayist of French and Romanian language, eclectic, ironic and brilliant, background, contextually to Marcel Duchamp, the Dadaism, movement of revolutionary vanguard in the arts. TZARA AND THE DADA – Tristan Tzara, pseudonym of Samuel Rosenstock, lived for most of his life in France. The Dada movement was born in Zurich during the First World War and Tzara wrote the first texts, La premiere aventure celeste de Monsieur Antipyrine (1916), Vingt-cinq poemes (1918) and the manifesto of the movement, Sept manifestes Dada (1924). “EVERYTHING AND DADA”– Prerogative of Dadaism, avant-garde founded in Zurich during the First World War by Tristan Tzara and to claim the absolute freedom and creative anarchy of art. Futurism, the movement from which it draws inspiration, is soon accused of using languages, schemes and codes that have become commonplace, and the DADA current tries to break away from it, wanting to create something totally innovative. Tzara wants to grasp the most authentic sense of the avant-garde, which is to know how to renew itself continuously, presenting itself to the public each time as an artistic-cultural experience of breaking with the past, but also with the present.
Dadaism categorically rejects any political ideology, and distances itself from all the reasons that led Europe to the terrible war conflict in progress – a strong gesture if we consider that the vast majority of intellectuals of the time, including the Futurists, supported the confrontation as an opportunity for social renewal. Reality, and therefore life itself, are considered a huge and heterogeneous “chaos”, from which to draw the necessary genius for creation and artistic and literary production. Art is play, unbridled desecration or pity, naked provocation and crude parody. Literature, stripped of all certainty, must move in the singular atmospheres of chance, almost expressing a senseless unreasonableness.THE ARTISTIC REVOLUTION– In Paris, together with his wife Greta Knutson and other artists such as Andre Breton, Philippe Soupault and Louis Aragon he was the protagonist of revolutionary artistic activities with the aim of shocking the public and disintegrating the structures of language. At the end of 1929, tired of nihilism and destruction, he joined his friends in the most constructive activities of Surrealism. He made the effort to reconcile Surrealism with Marxism and joined the French Communist Party in 1937. He Fights in Spain for the republic against the Francoists and was an active French resistance in World War II. According to Arturo Schwarz he was an agent of the Stalinist secret police and had denounced the Trotskyist surrealist poets who had hosted him in Prague and Belgrade, who were all shot.THE POETRY – His political ideals gradually led him to become a lyric poet. His poems tell the anguish of his soul, caught between revolt and wonder in the daily tragedy of the human condition. His mature works are considered L’Homme approximatif (1931) and continued with Parler seul (1950) and La face interieure (1953), where the words, placed side by side in an anarchic way in Dada, are replaced by a still difficult but more explicit.
He died in Paris in 1963. His body is interred in the Montparnasse Cemetery. April 16, 2015

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