Policies for the family The Government has approved two legislative decrees implementing European directives which “extend workers’ rights and introduce measures to improve living and working conditions”.
A father with children
The Council of Ministers approved two draft legislative decrees transposing European directives aimed at promoting greater transparency of working conditions and effective gender equality in terms of parenting. It is learned in a note from the Ministry of Labor and Social Policies: “These are two measures that extend the rights of male and female workers and that introduce measures for the improvement of living and working conditions”.
The first scheme is aimed at improving the balance between work and family life for parents and carers in order to achieve a more equal sharing of responsibilities between men and women and to promote effective gender equality , both in the working as well as family.
There are four main points of innovation:
- The new type of paternity leave , mandatory and lasting ten working days, usable by the working father in the time frame ranging from the two months preceding to the five following the birth, is fully operational
- the total duration of the right to leave due to the single parent has been increased from ten to eleven months , with a view to positive action that will meet single-parent families. The level of the related allowance is 30 per cent of the salary . In cases where there are two parents, the duration of the leave is three months non-transferable for each parent, for a total total period of six months. To this is added a further period of three months, transferable between the parents and usable alternatively between them, to which an indemnity equal to 30% of the salary is connected. Therefore, without prejudice to the maximum limits of parental leave that can be used by parents, the months of parental leave covered by allowance have increasedsix to nine in total . The allowance payable to parents, alternatively between them, for the period of extension of up to three years of parental leave taken for the severely disabled child, is 30%
- the age of the child is increased from six to twelve years by which parents, including adoptive and foster parents, can take advantage of parental leave, compensated in the terms described above;
- the right to maternity allowance has been extended in favor of self-employed women and freelancers respectively, also for any periods of early abstention due to pregnancy at risk.
The second scheme relates to transparent and predictable working conditions in the European Union, allowing for the establishment of new minimum protections to ensure that all workers, including those with non-standard contracts, benefit from greater predictability and clarity in terms of transparency of information. on the employment relationship and on working conditions. Conditions more in line with those of the community order.
The provision presents the new profiles:
- new minimum safeguards to ensure that all workers, including those with non-standard contracts, benefit from greater predictability and clarity in terms of transparency of information on the employment relationship and working conditions
- an extension of the subjective field of application of the discipline regarding the disclosure obligations imposed on the employer, which is also extended to workers employed with non-standard contractual types (continuous collaborations organized by the client also through platforms, occasional service contract, contract of coordinated and continuous collaboration, etc.). The decree does not apply to self-employment relationships, as long as they do not integrate relationships of coordinated and continuous collaboration;
- contains the requirements and necessary changes made to national law to ensure that more complete information is provided on the essential aspects of the employment relationship, which workers are entitled to receive in writing from the employer at the start of the employment relationship . In addition to the aforementioned information, explicitly required by European legislation, there is an obligation to communicate to the worker also the elements provided for in the hypothesis in which the methods of execution of the service are organized through the use of automated decision-making or monitoring systems;
- a series of new material rights are recognized to offer greater protection to working conditions (reasonable length of the probationary period, possibility for the worker to carry out parallel employment outside the established working hours, minimum predictability of work);
- the measures aimed at protecting workers in the event of violation of their rights are regulated.