Bucha’s dramatic events question the West. Horror images, fifty-seven bodies found in a mass grave. There is talk of war crimes, and the European Union has announced new sanctions. “The discovery of these mass graves and of these deaths tied up in the street is one of the tragic consequences of war, as of any war, are dramatic and terrible facts. Because we must remember that most of the victims of wars are civilians “, explains to Formiche.net the president of the Community of Sant’Egidio Marco Impagliazzo. “There is an escalation of violence, and the only thing is to stop the war in any way. Particularly important is to insist on negotiations between the two contenders. I look with confidence at what is happening in Turkey, and at the role of Turkish diplomacy. But we cling to any attempt, because the only question, as the pope says, is stopping the war, which always means destruction and death. Naturally with the means that diplomacy, international relations and international law give us ”.
The Church has been working and praying intensely for peace since the first day of the outbreak of the conflict. Francis could already meet Patriarch Kirill by the summer, after the first historic meeting in Cuba in 2016. Also this morning, during the homily of the Mass celebrated in the square of Granai in Floriana, outside the walls of Valletta in Malta, Bergoglio warned Christians of the risk of “raising banners with the cross”. It is difficult not to see an indirect reference to the words of the Russian primate a few days after the outbreak of the conflict, which shocked and alarmed many, including the pontiff. THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE VOICE OF THE HOLY SEE AND THAT OF THE NATIONAL EPISCOPATES
“The Pope and the Holy See, with their appeals for peace, expressed an unequivocal condemnation of the war, while the national episcopal conferences and bishops’ conferences at the European level had few words. It is important, especially in a historical moment like this, that the Church mobilize itself behind the pope, putting aside many small or big problems. It needs to be clear how much war is absolute evil “. Here the speech of the president of the Trastevere community becomes controversial. On the other hand, the heated debate of the German and European bishops on the subject, for example, of homosexuality, which clashes with the weary images that break into the homes of European families every evening, passing through the door of the TV news shows death, destruction and suffering. “There is too much silence on the part of certain episcopates”, says Impagliazzo. Only yesterday, during the journey to Malta, Pope Francis literally displaced everyone, trusting that his next visit to Kiev, which until a few hours earlier, was thought unthinkable, out of any program, is “under study”.
Bergoglio, however, as is well known, is not a little used to “off-programs”. “We must hope that the Holy See is launching some initiative that we are not aware of, because of course everything will be confidential,” comments Impagliazzo. “A visit by the pope to Kiev could be an option, even if today the real option is to put the two contenders around a table, and the pope has already shown a lot of solidarity with the Ukrainian population. It is not said that we need to add a visit to Kiev, which would be a visit to the President and the community, but the pope’s words and his actions are so strong that, in my opinion, it wouldn’t change much “. It would risk being a divisive visit, that is, risking complicating negotiations and creating discontent in Moscow
“The pope goes for the people, I think the Holy See is calculating the political and diplomatic risks of a visit from the pope,” replies Impagliazzo. “When the pope says that he is under study, it means that he is not decided. The Italian press has said that the pope is going to Kiev, I would say that the possibility is being studied, but nothing has been decided yet ”. THE POPE’S APPEAL TO MALTA FOR MIGRANTS AND FORGOTTEN WARS
In his visit to Malta, Bergoglio put the issue of migrants at the center, and the Community of Sant’Egidio just today launched an appeal in which he calls for greater attention to immigration policies, after the tragedies that have resumed in recent hours. away in the central Mediterranean, where more than 90 people lost their lives in international waters in the sinking of an overcrowded boat that left Libya. There are, in essence, wars and tragedies forgotten by the media spotlight
“The pope’s visit unfortunately coincided with yet another Mediterranean shipwreck, and his cry of pain together with that of many organizations that work with migrants is growing stronger. But on the other hand, if this system of illegality to which migrants are forced to resort, therefore to be prey to human traffickers, is not interrupted, and until Europe opens legal ways for immigration, these tragedies will continue to exist. “.
Therefore, the historian concludes, “the problem is another, and the Ukrainian experience can teach us precisely this: how was it possible to rightly imagine this great European solidarity towards the Ukrainians, which is rightly so, forgetting that there are peoples who flee from other wars, perhaps more distant, but which lead to the same situation as the Ukrainians
“. “We need to change the system and open legal ways, including the enlargement of the quotas of the various European countries, the opening of new humanitarian corridors, the facilitation of family reunification. But also the change in the Dublin rules, which place an excessive burden on the shoulders of border countries, such as Italy. All this can be done, but the problem is not reforming Dublin, which according to European rules will never be able to do so. The problem is to get over Dublin, and make another kind of deal. Otherwise we would be here for twenty years discussing it without finding a solution ”. THE UKRAINIAN RISK AND THE CONCERN OF STRAW FOR VERBAL ESCALATION
The mood that transpires from the words of Professor Impagliazzo, in speaking of Ukraine, is excited to say the least. “This war worries me a lot,” he admits. “It is a war in which for the first time since 1945 a nuclear power is the protagonist, and this is a totally unprecedented fact in our world since then. It is an adventure with no return ‘, to let the great Saint John Paul II speak , and let’s imagine what that means ”. John Paul II who among other things returned to the news not only for the seventeen year anniversary of his death, but also and above all for the quote from Joe Bidenin Poland of the symbolic words of his Pontificate, that memory of his “Open the doors to Christ” that angered more than one person, including the theologian Pino Lorizio on Famiglia Cristiana or the Jesuit director of the Catholic Civilization, Father Antonio Spadaro, who vitriolly tweeted about the words of the president dem.
“A truly wrong use of the pope’s words that were completely different, which were spiritual words that invited us to open our hearts to the Gospel, to encounter and coexistence among peoples, and had nothing to do with the context in which President Biden gave them ”. There is essentially a use of words that every day seem to become more and more harsh, in a worrying verbal escalation. The Ukrainian foreign minister argued that Russia would be “worse than ISIS”, and Prime Minister Zelensky accused Moscow of committing “genocide” in Ukraine. From the point of view of the historian, and the question addressed to the professor, he thinks it is legitimate to use this term
“The word genocide is a very heavy and worrying word, which was elaborated after the Second World War until its adoption by the UN, but I would wait to use it”.

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