The Celaa Law went ahead yesterday by 177 votes in favor in Congress , just one vote away from its interruption. Among the most striking measures of this new law is the elimination of Spanish as a vehicular language and it will cease to be official in Education. This measure has caused a stir in society that has seen how it will become effective soon.
This step forward in the educational reform of the Lomloe , is still unknown to many people who still do not know what changes there will be in the way of educating their children, what will be a priority and what will not, or even the formulas to repeat the year. Be that as it may, the new law that has been supported by thePSOE, ERC and United We Can , will be part of the educational life of Spain.
Article number 3 of the Spanish Constitution is not only what disrupts the Celaa Law. Listed below are the 10 key points that will unravel the future of Spanish education:

1. ‘Goodbye’ to Spanish as the language of all

“”Castilian is the official Spanish language of the State. All Spaniards have the duty to know it and the right to use it”. That is one of the phrases found in article 3 of the Spanish Constitution. With the new Celaa Law, this changes. Now, everything is in the hands of some autonomous communitieswho should be in charge of guaranteeing the learning of this language, since at the end of basic education, young people must have a perfect knowledge of it .

2. Neither public nor private, all to the concerted

The public and private centers will not be able to receive money from families since the new law considers this type of incentive unnecessary for an education that must be free . In addition, with this type of measure an attempt is made to abolish the disintegration of the student body since the communities must establish ” a balanced proportion of the student body” . In addition, in this favor for free education, paid extracurricular activitiesThey may not be within the established school hours. Finally, students may not repeat more than once in primary school and more than two in compulsory education.

3. Beliefs will not be compulsoryReligion
is another of
the subjects that are in the crosshairs of the Celaa Law. The centers will be within their right to teach it but the students do not have to learn it in a compulsory way since it is a question that falls within the personal. For this reason, religion will remain for those people who do believe that their learning is worthwhile to train as people, although the grade they get will not be reflected in the files . 4. A student model never seen before

The model student proposed by the new Celaa Law will be able, among other things, to complete high school in three years . In addition, the teaching staff will be able to decide whether to obtain the degree even if a subject is failed. If they do poorly in their studies, they can enroll in a curricular diversification program that will allow them to pass the year. On the other hand, the so-called revalidation disappears and diagnostic evaluations appear in which it will be reflected how the student is doing and the adequacy of the educational system between them.
In another order of things, the baccalaureate adds a new branch called “General” and the primary cycles will be included in two courses . Finally, the students will have aidentification number so that its monitoring and more relevant information can be treated more efficiently by educational centers.

5. Government vs Autonomous Communities

If before the entire educational field was directed by the central government, now it is the Autonomous Communities that will have more importance and decision-making power in this field. 50% of the curriculum will be part of the formation of communities with a co-official language. In addition, the educational centers will also take action on the matter in a proportion that will also be established by the rulers of the different territories.

6. Gender equality above all
The centers that receive any benefit from public funds, no matter how minimal, must have co-education principles at all educational levels and under no circumstances may they divide students based on their sex. In addition, the communities must raise the figure of women in the educational field and in the different branches of study. This section is not only related to students, teachers will have to carry out these practices, as for their professional positions and should also be reflected in the books .

7. Special education, hanging by a thread

Special educationIt is one of the issues that is causing the most commotion with the new law. In this sense, the law establishes that “the Government, in collaboration with the educational administrations, will develop a plan so that, within a period of ten years (…), the ordinary centers have the necessary resources to be able to attend to the better conditions for students with disabilities . Although in the short term what is already established will be maintained, little by little it will be normalized and these young people will be included in the classrooms. For some parents this issue is very sensitive because their children may suffer in this change.

8. The untold story

Another of the notable aspects included in the Celaa Law is the students’ knowledge of thehistory of democracy . They should have complete knowledge about it and the different points of view that have been given over the years. The objective of this section is to consolidate civility in the young population and that these can be freer people and with a critical sense according to the times.

9. Education for a better world

One of the priority objectives of this new law is to educate about health and good customs . In the first years of education, students should know the cultural differences and respect them. In addition, special mention will be made of the differentsexual orientations or different types of beliefs . On the other hand, the innovation of the centers will be speeded up with a view to a more sustainable future and they will have to reduce the ecological impact. For this, the learning of all the new digital tools to create safer school environments will be facilitated.

10. The ‘bad teachers’ will be removed

Those professionals who do not fulfill their work or do not show willingness to apply the new measures and ideals, may be removed from their position and undertake “tasks that do not require direct attention to students.” In relation to this, it is stated in the law that the school council will have much more participation to have stronger possibilities of expression.
In another order of things, Isabel Celaa defends the professionalism of teachers but also affirms in the law that in situations such as the current one, requesting, for example , a specific master’s degree or an overqualification should not be necessary . This decision has been defended by Celaa stating that “it is not acceptable that there are groups of students without teachers”, while they are asked for certain studies.

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