Photo by Ikiwaner. Poverty in some countries of the world is a perennial condition , which causes constant dependence on humanitarian aid.
Dictatorships and lasting violence are certainly among the elements that make it difficult, if not impossible, for some countries, to envisage an economic recovery, an increase in work and production, and generally an increase in the quality of life.
What are the poorest countries in the world today ?
The following list arises from the examination of gross national income (GNI)per capita of 192 countries, present in the World Bank’s database of world development indicators. GNI is calculated from all economic activities within national borders, in addition to the wealth produced by nationally owned entities that operate in other countries.
So let’s see which are the 10 poorest countries in the world in 2022 .

10 – Gambia
Photo of Ikiwaner. It is one of the smallest countries on the African continent and, although politically and socially stable, it is also one of the poorest countries, where natural resources are limited. Indeed, despite the dictatorship that for more than 20 yearsdevastated the territory is over, the country is having an enormous effort to mesh under the newborn democracy. The only sector you can rely on is agriculture, with wood, walnuts and cashews. In Gambia , a large part of the population has no access to electricity , lives in the slums and hopes to find a better life by emigrating to the West.

  • RNL pro capite: $ 1.471
  • Population: 2.41 million

9 – Sierra Leone
Photo by John Atherton. Victim of a devastating civil war initiated by the United Revolutionary Front , as well as countless coups d’etat that occurred during the 1990s due to economic interests linked to the territory’s mineral resources, the population of Sierra Leone lives in conditions of total poverty .
A very critical aspect of the country concerns its corruption rate , which is among the highest in the African continent. In recent years it has also been the scene of the Ebola epidemic, which has further worsened the living conditions and the mortality rate, especially among children. Currently, life expectancy in Sierra Leone is 52.2 years: one of the worst in the world.

  • RNL pro capite: $ 1.348
  • Population: 7.97 million

8 – Madagascar
It is an island located in the Indian Ocean , east of the African continent. A former French colony, it has been independent since 1960 and has since witnessed continuous coups d’etat that have perpetrated destruction and violence.
Even from a natural point of view, the country has suffered episodes that have brought it to its knees several times: in the last 30 years there have been cyclones, periods of severe drought, epidemics and earthquakes. The population finds work only in agriculture, which however is not enough for everyone; half of Madagascar’s inhabitants are chronically undernourished and live in poor conditions in the slums.

  • RNL pro capite: $ 1.339
  • Population: about 27.69 million

7 – Mozambique
From a Portuguese colony, this southern African country became independent in 1975 and, like most of the continent’s former colonies, has experienced critical moments, with civil wars lasting decades. Despite the discovery of natural gas in recent years, the warlike condition of the country still makes the situation very critical, for which the life expectancy for the population is less than 60 years. In addition to the difficult political issue, the country is also experiencing a profound health crisis : a large number of people aged between 15 and 49 are HIV-positive.

  • RNL pro capite: $ 1.100
  • Population: 31.26 million

6 – Liberia
Photo of blk24ga. Since the 1990s , an interminable civil war has completely destroyed the economy of Liberia , located in West Africa and theoretically a country rich in natural resources. Millions of dead and thousands of displaced in the aftermath of the war, the country remained weakly on its feet and also one of the most corrupt in the world, as well as the one with the highest rates of illiteracy. Along with rampant poverty, the health system is still paying for the consequences of the Ebola epidemic , which has further lowered life expectancy.

  • RNL pro capite: $ 1.078
  • Population: 5.05 million

5 – Malawi
Photo by Swathi Sridharan (ICRISAT). Located in East Africa, it is among the poorest countries in the world with a very high infant mortality: one in eight children dies before the age of 5 and a very high number of people aged between 15 and 49 are HIV-positive. The fight against HIV is one of the problems facing the country every day, considering that this disease causes numerous orphans. Agriculture is the sector in which most of the population tries to hold on to survive, but hunger is one of the leading causes of death in the country.

  • RNL pro capite: $ 1.064
  • Population: about 19.13 million

4 – Niger
Photo of NigerTZai. The country gained independence from France in 1960 and has experienced years of wars and coups since then. A very small percentage of inhabitants, only 16%, have access to electricity , while the rest of the population lives in rural areas, or in the slums of urban areas. Niger is undoubtedly rich in oil resources , but the large plants that arise in the country have not brought any benefit to the local population; indeed the territory is also afflicted by the serious problem of atmospheric pollution , it is no coincidence that here there are huge dumps of electronic material, most of them of foreign origin.

  • RNL pro capite: $ 906
  • Population: about 24.21 million

3 – Democratic Republic of Congo
Photo by David Ax. It is located in central Africa. Like other countries of the continent, here too the natural resources are considerable, the territory in fact is rich in minerals, such as copper, diamonds and gold. But precisely this wealth causes continuous civil wars , which produce a very high number of deaths and prevent the birth of a stable policy. Corruption , in fact, is one of the main scourges, as is the health system, which is decidedly fragile and inadequate; infant mortality is now a chronic phenomenon.

  • RNL pro capite: $ 796
  • Population: about 89.56 million

2 – Burundi Burundi ‘s civil war for ethnic reasons
began in 1994 and lasted 12 years , and had the Tutsi minority and the Hutu majority as antagonists. This bloody conflict has further marked the economic and social fragility of the country. Only 12% of the population has access to electricity and most of the inhabitants live in rural areas, where pregnant women, despite being able to receive medical care, continue to die reaching very high numbers. Furthermore, 60% of the population of Burundi is illiterate .

  • RNL pro capite: $ 686
  • Population: approximately 11.89 million

1 – Central African Republic
Photo by hdptcar. Once again here is another African country plagued by the paradox that sanctions its condemnation: a territory rich in gold, diamonds and oil. Wars and abuses of power to control the country’s wealth have always made the political situation following the independence from France in 1960 unstable and fragile. Numerous national conflicts are also of a religious nature , and since 2012 the Muslim minority has been fighting with the Christian majority. The population pours into rural areas, and that part that lives in urban areas organizes itself in battered slums. The Central African Republic is also the third country with the highest infant mortality rate, more than half of the inhabitants are undernourished and life expectancy is the lowest on the planet, stopping at just 52.9 years.

  • RNL pro capite: $ 663
  • Population: approximately 4.83 million
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