MILAN – Whether they tell the life of a great artist, or whether it is a single large and immortal painting that creates the plot, whether art is the protagonist, or whether art is only hinted at, films that have a link with the world of art and draw inspiration from here are numerous. MECHANICAL ORANGE – Stanley Kubrick ‘s films are a perfect alchemy of different arts and communication channels. In the movie A Clockwork Orange there are references to the work of Mondrian , Lichtenstein and Brancusi , and also to Vasarely ‘s ” Op art ” (short for optical art). Typical of Op Art was the black and white contrast, very present in the film, as can be seen for example in the home of Alex and the writer Alexander, in addition to the uniforms worn by the Drughi. It’s hard not to imagine Alex without the pop-art scenography that characterizes almost all of the film’s futuristic interiors. DREAMS – the film Dreams, directed by director Akira Kurosawa , and consisting of 8 episodes, based on the concepts of magical realism and some dreams of the director. The thin thread that connects the eight episodes and the presence of a narrating self. In the film, in addition to the direct quotation / evocation of Van Gogh , there are also numerous references to Hokusai. In particular, in the 5th episode entitled “The Ravens” the protagonist (the director’s alter-ego) admires some famous paintings by Vincent Van Gogh in a museum, and as if by magic he finds himself in one of them, in search of the painter who has just resigned from mental hospital. The man begins to look for him in the fields (and magically finds himself ‘walking’ in famous paintings of him), until he sees him disappear on the path that leads into a wheat field. A gunshot echoes in the air, frightening a flock of crows that fly away in terror (this is a reconstruction of the famous Wheatfield with a flight of crows). A locomotive whistle brings the protagonist back to reality in front of the homonymous painting. READ ALSO: Night of the Oscars 2016, films based on books vying for the statuetteTHE GIRL WITH A PEARL EARRING – The Girl with a Pearl Earring is a film by director Peter Webber , inspired by the novel of the same name by Tracy Chevalier. The title and the work revolve around the life of the painter Johannes Vermeer , better known as Jan Vermeer, and in particular his painting “Girl with a turban”, also known as “Girl with a pearl earring”. The story tells of Vermeer’s infatuation with a girl who came to his home to be a maid. The infatuation culminates in the famous portrait of the girl with pearl earrings that will represent the artist’s love for the girl even after her death. I COLORI DELL’ANIMA – MODIGLIANI – It is a film written and directed by Mick Davis. The film is a very fictionalized version of the last period of Modigliani ‘s life . It is a film that creates discomfort, between lights and shadows, brilliant impressions and ruinous falls, showing the Paris of the first twenty years of the last century, with photography and sets reminiscent of daguerreotypes, those slightly burnt prints that lead back to the past with a veil of melancholy, which abounds in the film. READ ALSO: Books and cinema, the 10 bestsellers from Oscar THE BEST OFFER – It’s a 2013 film written and directed by Giuseppe Tornatore. Virgil Oldman is a 60-year-old antiquarian and auctioneer. He leads a life that is as luxurious as it is lonely. He has never had a woman by his side and all his passion is for art. Until he receives a telephone assignment from a young heir to a rich family. The girl, who wants an evaluation of the precious objects that furnish her villa and from which she wants to get rid of. Among the paintings that can be glimpsed in the collection of Virgil Oldman stand out Sofonisba Anguissola , Self-portrait at the spinet; Franz Xaver Winterhalter , Portrait of Pauline Von Metternich; Rose-Adelaide Ducreux , Self-portrait with harp; Vittorio Matteo Corcos , In the garden; Amedeo Modigliani, Femme aux Macarons; Lawrence Alma Tadema , A listener; Bronzino, Portrait of Lucrezia Panciatichi; Dante Gabriel Rossetti , The woman in the window; Pierre-Auguste Renoir , Jeanne Samary in a low-cut dress; Raffaello Sanzio , La Fornarina. BARRY LYNDON – Barry Lyndon is a historical-dramatic film, directed by Stanley Kubrickand based on the novel by William Makepeace Thackeray, “The Memoirs of Barry Lyndon”. Despite not having produced conspicuous collections at its theatrical release, Barry Lyndon is now considered one of Kubrick’s best films and one of the greatest cinematographic works ever made. To create a work as realistic as possible, Kubrick drew inspiration from the most famous landscape painters of the eighteenth century to choose the settings for the sets. Filming took place in the locations where the film was set: England, Ireland and Germany. The sets and costumes were derived from period paintings, prints and drawings. To recreate this atmosphere also collaborated the paintings of authors such as Hayez (“The kiss” and re-proposed in a love scene between Barry Lyndon and a lover of him),William Hogarth, Joshua Reynolds, Chardin, Antoine Watteau, Zoffany and others. LABYRINTH – Labyrinth – Where everything is possible is a fantastic film directed by Jim Henson. Director Jim Henson, creator of the Muppets. The main human characters are Jareth the Goblin King, played by David Bowie, and Sarah, a young Jennifer Connelly. The plot is based on Sarah’s journey through a strange fantastic maze. Most of the other notable roles are personified by puppets or a combination of human and puppet performance. In the film Labyrint, the labyrinth is a fantasy metaphor for initiations into society and the transition from puberty to adolescence. The settings represent some of the most interesting visual research on the subject, with more than one homage to Escher ‘s worlds . INLAND EMPIRE – David Lynch ‘s Empire of the Mindit is not an organic, linear, understandable film, with such a definable beginning and end, but it is above all a sensory experience. A free flow of thought by an artist, which does not require explanations, but only intuitions, personal emotions, whether they are positive or negative. We could speak of parallel worlds, of reality and fiction that merge, meet, abandon each other, of cinema and television (and of film and digital), of the concept of Time, non-sequential, ‘random’ and absolute. For the cutting of the framing and the use of light, the precision of the representation and the scenographic construction, the film also definitely refer to many paintings by Edward Hopper , the popular American painter who died in 1967. LAST TANGO IN PARIS – The directorBernardo Bertolucci , from the pages of Corriere della Sera, explains the link between his film and art: “From the spring of ’72, while I was preparing« Last Tango in Paris », I remember above all the frequent visits to the Grand Palais, which it housed the first major exhibition of Francis Bacon. They were intermittent visits, two, with me in the lead role. First with the cinematographer of the film, then with the set designer, with the costume designer, the last exploration was with Marlon Brando. I wanted my closest collaborators to be fascinated and overwhelmed with me by that carnal despair, by that atrocious monologue-scream. I remember that the paintings were far from each other, a bit like the planets in infinity, and we moved into that dangerous Bacon infinity. At the end of the editing I realized that during those visits to the Grand Palais the secret heart of the film was born. Of the influence that Bacon had had on all of us, it seems to me that an alarming sense of danger remained in the film. For this reason the opening credits of “Last Tango in Paris” run on two figures by Francis Bacon,THE MONUMENTS MEN – The Monuments Men is a film written, directed, produced and starring George Clooney. The film and the cinematographic adaptation of the book of the same name “Monuments Men. Allied Heroes, Nazi Thieves and the Greatest Treasure Hunt in History ”written by Robert M. Edsel. A platoon of the American army, made up of art critics and experts, museum directors and similar elements, during the Second World War has the task of searching and recovering the works of art stolen in the countries occupied by the Nazis to save them from ‘ Adolf Hitler’s order to destroy them and return them to their legitimate owners. The film saves more than 1500 works of art looted during the Second World War from the museums of the European countries occupied by the Wehrmacht or stolen from Jewish families and collectors from the Third Reich.Matisse, Emil Nolde, Franz Marc, Otto Dix, Max Beckmann, Paul Klee, Oskar Kokoschka, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Max Liebermann, Renoir also, for the platoon it becomes a vital objective to save the Madonna of Bruges and the Ghent Altarpiece .

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