The tear in the back is unfortunately one of those situations that can happen with a very high frequency as it is really easy to encounter such a problem.
To understand what are the causes of a muscle tear in the back , its consequences and the reason for its symptoms , it is first necessary to clarify what is the mechanism behind this disorder. We will talk about this in the guide we wrote today.

What is the tear
What it consists of

By “tear” we mean a lesion of the muscle tissue that leads to the breakdown of the fibers that compose it. It is a traumatic phenomenon caused by sudden and violent muscle contractions, in which different degrees of entity are identified depending on the number of fibers involved, which are defined as follows:

  • First degree tears: this is the mildest form of muscle tearing that involves a small part of the fibers that make up the muscle affected by the trauma. In this case there is a pain even of modest intensity which tends to be accentuated during movement but which nevertheless does not limit the execution of normal activities. It generally clears up on its own within a few days, if the area is not further strained;
  • Second degree tears : in this case the number of injured muscle fibers is greater, the pains are more intense, it is difficult to perform all normal movements, not so much due to functional impedance, but due to the intensification of pain when contracts the muscles. This type of trauma needs the attention of a doctor;
  • Third degree tears: this is the stage in which the injury involves all the muscle fibers of the area affected by the trauma. The pain is very intense and there is a strong limitation in almost every action that goes to stress the back muscles (bending, bending, flexing, lifting weights, lying on the back or supported).

Moving on to the specific case of muscle strain in the back , it is a very common phenomenon, especially in all those who play sports and carry out heavy work that involves lifting heavy loads.
Much more commonly, however, the tear occurs when you perform a sudden movement of the back (such as a bend to pick up something from the ground), or you undergo an intense training session without being sufficiently trained, or without having performed an appropriate muscle warm-up or stretching phase.

What are the symptoms of muscle tear? Muscle tear in
the backit can affect the back in its entirety or specific sites such as the cervical, lumbar and dorsal areas, based on the movement that caused the breakdown of the muscle fibers.
The cervical tear often results from traumas such as whiplash, air blow or more easily when a sudden movement is made in the twisting of the neck. In these cases, among the most relevant symptoms , the subject experiences severe pain in the neck and shoulders which also leads to neck rigidity, dizziness and nausea.
When the tear affects the muscles of the back, what is felt is a dorsal back pain, or called high back pain, which occurs less frequently than in the cervical and lumbar region. Despite this, it is the most annoying tear because it causes severe pain that increases and worsens when you breathe, therefore when the chest expands, when performing movements that involve bending, twisting, lifting weights and again when exercising. a pressure on the back.
It goes without saying that all these difficulties limit the normal performance of daily activities, be they work, related to sport or private life and hobbies. Furthermore, the pain prevents you from finding a suitable sleeping position, thus negatively affecting the quality of your sleep.
Finally we have the lumbar tearwhich is concentrated in the lower back causing very intense painful pangs, which can also extend to the hips causing important limitations in movement so as to force the subject to bed in many cases.
With this information we have just provided, we have tried to better frame the problem, so we just have to focus our attention on the triggering causes, remembering right now that, in the case of severe muscle strain , a consultation with a doctor is extremely necessary.

What are the most common causes of back muscle tear
As mentioned, back muscle tearand consequent, in the great majority of cases, to a traumatic event, be it a brusque and violent movement or an effort made to lift weights.
But let’s go into all the possible causes that are at the origin of the disorder.

Physical efforts
These are typical of those who do a very strenuous job that involves lifting weights or making considerable efforts, and obviously of those who practice sports such as weight lifting or which involve numerous bending of the back.

Incorrect postures
In these cases the pain in the backit manifests itself as an injury in relation to an overload of tension due to prolonged and sustained contractions of the back muscles. It is a very common phenomenon that results in lumbar back pain and minimally also in dorsal and cervical pain.
It occurs when you sit for many hours in incorrect positions, in which you tend to lean forward to bring your face closer to the computer, or when you exert all the load of your body weight on the lumbar area. Muscle contractions perpetrated for a long time are also very frequent in anxious subjects or those who suffer from a period of high stress.

Overweight
As mentioned before, one of the factors affecting back pain and back painand body weight, overweight people load the back muscles of an excessive and constant weight, limiting movement and forcing considerable effort.

Abrupt movements
This is probably the most common cause and is due to sudden movements such as bending over to pick up something from the ground, jerking a weight, pulling an object or much more commonly when doing a sports training session without adequate muscle warm-up or stretching.

Trauma
Back strain can also result from direct trauma or trauma that causes a backlash, and again from the execution of a sudden or reflex movement.

What to do in case of a back tear
As seen previously, there are different degrees of tearing, some of a slight severity that are limited to a dull and deep pain that however does not limit normal activities, others instead that cause pain so intense as to force the subject to bed due to the inability to perform. any movement.
In the case of a slight tear, it is generally sufficient to follow simple precautions and remedies that allow you to restore a normal situation in a short time.
Here I have collected what I think are the most useful remedies in these cases:

  • Rest is a fundamental condition, therefore when pain arises it is necessary to immediately stop any type of physical activity or effort. The state of rest must be maintained for a few days, until the pain disappears, leaving time for the tissues to heal. Therefore in this period of time (generally the recovery times are about a week), it is necessary to stop sports activities, heavy work, avoid lifting loads of weight and avoid making sudden movements;
  • To soothe the pain it is useful to apply ice packs, this because the cold creates vasoconstriction of the blood vessels, decreasing any edema and swelling that would exert further pressure on the injured tissues, and thus increase the inflammatory process. In addition, anti- inflammatory patches can be purchased at the pharmacy to relieve associated pain;
  • Back pain can create a lot of discomfort during the night , this is because it is not possible to find a position that decreases the pain, thus also compromising the quality of sleep. Typically lying on your side gives a slight sensation of relief, allowing you to rest peacefully;
  • If the pain is quite intense and useful to contact the general practitioner to assess whether or not it is appropriate to take pain relieving and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Sometimes, on the other hand, back pain is very violent and disabling, or it still persists for a long time without giving signs of improvement. In these cases it is necessary to contact your doctor immediately, who, having assessed the condition, can recommend a specialist visit to an orthopedist.
In turn, the orthopedist, having verified the extent of the tear and the actual implications on the life of the subject, can perform an ultrasound to examine the muscle structures involved, and indicate the need to undergo targeted physiotherapy, tecartherapy or even more. to shock waves.
In support, it may be useful to prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers to deal with episodes of intense pain. In this regard, it is always recommended to strictly follow the instructions provided by the doctor and not to take any initiative based on one’s own convictions. The protection of one’s own safety comes first.
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