Now that Sergio Mattarella succeeds himself, he is obliged to remember perhaps the most important episode of his political career, when 7 years ago, on January 31, 2015, he was elected President of the Republic in the fourth ballot with 665 votes.
Born on 23 July 1941 in Palermo, son of Bernardo (himself a parliamentarian and DC minister) and brother of Piersanti (who would enter politics before him), Mattarella was among the protagonists of the last 40 years of the country’s history. gaining extraordinary experience in the various institutional positions he held, becoming the first President of the Sicilian Republic.
He also had an academic career, graduated in Law in 1964 at the “La Sapienza” University of Rome with full marks and honors, he taught parliamentary law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Palermo until 1983. His scientific activity mainly concerned constitutional law.
On January 6, 1980 he had to face a terrible mourning that marked him forever: his brother Piersanti (at the time president of the regional council of Sicily) was killed in a mafia ambush with six gunshots.
Later his political career took shape: in 1983 Mattarella was elected deputy for the first time with the Christian Democrats, then for the Popular Party, for the Margherita and for the Olive tree, keeping his position in Parliament during 7 legislatures, until 2008. .
From July 1987 to July 1989 he was Minister of Relations with the Parliament of the Goria government. In those years are the reform of the system of the Presidency of the Council and the abolition of the ordinariness of secret voting in Parliament. From July 1989 to July 1990 he was Minister of Education (Andreotti VI government), completing the reform of the elementary school which introduced the module of the three teachers on two classes. He resigns as minister, with 4 other members of the left DC, against the confidence placed by the government on the Mammi bill on television broadcasting.
During the eleventh legislature, he was rapporteur of the reform law of the electoral law of the House and Senate, introducing a strong majority component in the vote, albeit mitigated by the allocation of 25% of the seats with the proportional system. It was the law to which the political scientist Giovanni Sartori gave the (now historical) appellation of ‘Mattarellum’ and which was used in the elections until 2001.
In October 1998 he was appointed Deputy Prime Minister in the D’Alema government until December 1999 when he was appointed Minister of Defense, a position held until the elections of June 2001. In that phase, Italy developed an intense presence in the missions peacekeepers deployed for United Nations initiatives and contributed significantly to interposition and peacekeeping operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
In 2007 he was among the drafters of the founding manifesto of the Democratic Party, but with the early dissolution of the XV legislature on April 28, 2008, he did not re-nominate.
In May 2009 he was elected by Parliament as a member of the Presidency Council of Administrative Justice, of which he was Vice President, and later abandoned the Democratic Party to preserve his independence.
In October 2011 he was elected judge of the Constitutional Court, then the election to the Quirinale.
Among the first acts of his presidency are the waiver of his retirement as a university professor. There have been many moments of crisis in the 7 years, the first was in 2016, in the aftermath of the Constitutional Referendum, when Renzi resigned as Prime Minister to make room for Paolo Gentiloni.
One of the most delicate moments, however, was after the elections of 4 March 2018, when after many vicissitudes Giuseppe Conte came to the post. But on May 27 Mattarella rejected the proposal for the formation of the government, due to the hypothesized name for the Ministry of Economy, Paolo Savona and his well-known anti-European positions.
From that moment the presidency of the Republic had to face a crisis practically every year: in 2019 with the resignation of Salvini and the birth of Conte 2 with a different majority; in 2020 with the arrival of the pandemic and the enormous economic and social consequences that it entailed. In 2021 a new crisis of Conte 2, triggered by Italia Viva, with the mandate given to Mario Draghi and the birth of the national emergency government.
In all these moments, the leadership of Mattarella, also from the point of view of those who observed us from abroad, always seemed a firm point of reference in defending the general interest of the country.
Little is known about his private life, his personality avoids very little narcissus in an age in which almost everyone is. He was married to Marisa Chiazzese who died on March 1, 2012 and has three children: Laura, Francesco and Bernardo Giorgio.

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