A city of colonial history

The old town was founded in a swamp by a large group of Tzeltal Indians. In 1486, it was subdued by the Aztecs who changed its name to Comitlán, from the Nahuatl, komil-tlán, “Place of Febres”; in January 1528, it was conquered by Pedro de Portocarrero, sent by the conqueror of Guatemala, Captain Pedro de Alvarado; In 1556, the missionary Diego Tinoco moved the population of Comitán along with a large group of Tojolabal Indians to where it is today, giving it the name of San Pablo; in 1625, its name was changed to Santo Domingo de Comitán; on October 29, 1813, the Cortes of Cádiz, Spain, granted it the title of city of Santa María de Comitán; on August 28, 1821, proclaims its independence from both the Captaincy General of Guatemala and Spain; On November 21, 1934, the surname Domínguez is added, in memory of the civil hero of Mexico: Belisario Domínguez.

Currently the place is considered as a Zone of Historical Monuments protected by the State. Comitán de Domínguez is a place that has a prominent architectural heritage of religious buildings such as: the temple of San Sebastián from 1525; the main monument of the city: the temple of Santo Domingo de Guzmán from 1678, whose imposing tower is part of the Mudejar repertoire that characterizes Chiapas colonial art, and the temples of San Caralampio, San José and Guadalupe, from the 19th century; however, the houses that make up the city also represent an important collection of buildings and a significant homogeneity: cornices and friezes of neoclassical extraction, railings and wooden balconies with their alternate bars and tile roofs, thus mixing the facades of Comitán , neoclassical and popular influences.

The city center is a testimony of many centuries of history, and specifically of construction history; the remodeling undertaken in recent years has restored its great dignity, which allows the visitor to get closer to the great milestones of the comiteca personality. Presided over by the temple of Santo Domingo de Guzmán, the patron saint of the city, the Central Park of Comitán is presented as one of the most graceful main squares in Chiapas, although it has undergone many modifications throughout its history. Around the park, various architectural motifs of the city can be seen: from the Mudejar influences evident in the tower and the coffered ceiling of Santo Domingo to the touches of the Porfirian neoclassical style of the City Theater and the characteristically comiteco wooden portals.

Of equal importance are: the Belisario Domínguez House Museum, which not only has historical value for having been the home of the civil hero of Mexico, but is also one of the best examples of traditional domestic architecture in the region. The Cultural Center is included Rosario Castellanos, built in the 1930s on the site of the Dominican convent; the Municipal Palace, built at the end of the 19th century, occupies the place of the Cabildo where the act of independence was signed in 1821; and the Temple of Calvary, which presents on its façade motifs taken from the baroque repertoire of Antigua Guatemala, are an example of the architectural richness of this place.

When traveling to Comitán, possibly the best months are November to January, when the landscape still retains all its greenery and the temperature is more pleasant in the lowlands. During May to October is the rainy season. Its drawbacks are not obstacles to the ride. March and April are the least advisable months due to the mists produced by the burning of agricultural land.

Location, the main access road comes from the state capital, through the Pan-American Highway (Mex-190) 171 km from said capital and 1145 from Mexico City, passing through the cities of San Cristóbal de las Casas and Theopisca. Another good option is the access through the northern part of the state, entering through Tabasco driving on the Mex-186 highway, I arrived at the junction of the Mex-198 highway that takes you to Palenque, continue along that highway until the city of Ocosingo and 20 Km after the latter, use the state highway towards Altamirano, you will arrive at this city and from there, with approximately 60 more minutes of travel, you will be in Comitán.

If you are traveling through South or Central America, from the City of Tapachula, use the coastal highway (Mex-200) until the junction with the Mex-211 highway that will take you through Motozintla, Amatenángo de la Frontera and Frontera Comalapa. until connecting again with the Pan-American highway (Mex-190). Or if you have entered through the border of Ciudad Cuauhtemoc (from Central America by the Pan-American highway) simply continue on it towards the state capital (Tuxtla Gutiérrez) If you are not fond of winding roads characteristic of mountains, the Mex- 190 is not recommended between Tuxtla and San Cristóbal, so we suggest you take an alternate route, which in addition to being a spectacle at the crossing of the Belisario Domínguez dam (La Angostura), will take you directly from the capital to Comitán.In the Tuxtla – Chiapa de Corzo section, you will find a detour towards said dam, you can choose two exits, one towards the city of Teopisca on state highway 101 and connecting to the Mex-190, taking the southeast direction 30 minutes more approx. . and the other is to continue on highway 226 to the city of Tzimol, and past this merge onto the Mex-190, head north and drive approx. 7 minutes Airways, there is a civil air base 8 km away with a runway to receive small planes, it is frequently used for local connections or tourist tours of the natural beauty of the region.

Previous articleFrom Ushuaia to Tolhuín
Next articleValle de Ocón or genuine charm (La Rioja, Spain) – Tourist Environment