The unions that are committed to concluding the current contractual season in the best possible way are already looking to the next. And so do the federations that represent companies. It happens in the chemical and pharmaceutical sector when the prerequisite for the parties is represented by the meeting of the National Observatory of the aforementioned sector. In short, it happened today and the event in question demonstrates the commitment that Filctem, Femca and Uiltec, on the one hand, and Federchimica and Farmindustria on the other, link together, on this occasion with a video link, via the webex platform, to work on the cornerstones of a negotiation for the renewal of the specific National Collective Labor Agreement which expires in June 2022. THE RENEWAL OF THE PREVIOUS CONTRACT IN JULY 2018
The National Chemical Pharmaceutical Collective Agreement covers the entire sector of exchange and production of chemical products (from drugs to plastics, glass, lubricants and more), regulating employment relationships and establishing the rights and duties of workers employed in this sector. Therefore, the categories of workers who carry out their activities in chemical companies such as pharmaceuticals, lubricants, detergents, abrasive substances, waxes, LPG, just to name a few, are concerned. On the other hand, it is good to remember that the same contract involved over 176 thousand workers employed in more than 2,700 companies. From an economic point of view, the agreement, signed on 18 July 2018, provided for an average increase on the minimum (minimum remuneration) of 97 euros divided into 4 tranches: 1 January 2019 of 30 euros; January 1, 2020 of 27 euros; July 1st 2021 of 24 euros; June 1st 2022 of 16 euros. The novelty of this renewal is that it was the first contractual agreement to apply the interconfederal agreement on bargaining, signed on March 9, 2018.THE SCENARIO FOR RENEWAL IN THE CCNL
This is a result that bodes well for the objectives that workers and companies expect from the contractual negotiation to be achieved in the coming months. The industrial relations system has so far demonstrated a high level of excellence and we are confident that this model will fully materialize also in the next contract renewal. It is clear that we are firmly convinced of the model set out: a system that will become even stronger and shared by others if the person, human and professional patrimony of knowledge, experience and potential is placed at the center of ongoing bargaining. In this regard, a fundamental role will be played by the issue of digital transformation in the contractual context, both with respect to the legislation still in force, also through the company level. It deals with, therefore, to assess how the aforementioned digital transformation impacts will have repercussions on work organization, training and skills, employment and employability, safety and health, involvement and participation. The scenario determined by the health emergency is characterized by multiple points of crisis, more or less accidents in the sectors that concern us. The aforementioned crisis is evident in the world of industry and services. The synthesis of this statement is based on various data found to date: the recovery of the price of oil and the increase in the prices of raw materials, due to the recovery of world demand. There is a well-founded risk of an inflation rise below two percent, which is manageable in any case. to assess how the aforementioned digital transformation impacts will have repercussions on work organization, training and skills, employment and employability, safety and health, involvement and participation. The scenario determined by the health emergency is characterized by multiple points of crisis, more or less accidents in the sectors that concern us. The aforementioned crisis is evident in the world of industry and services. The synthesis of this statement is based on various data found to date: the recovery of the price of oil and the increase in the prices of raw materials, due to the recovery of world demand. There is a well-founded risk of an inflation rise below two percent, which is manageable in any case. to assess how the aforementioned digital transformation impacts will have repercussions on work organization, training and skills, employment and employability, safety and health, involvement and participation. The scenario determined by the health emergency is characterized by multiple points of crisis, more or less accidents in the sectors that concern us. The aforementioned crisis is evident in the world of industry and services. The synthesis of this statement is based on various data found to date: the recovery of the price of oil and the increase in the prices of raw materials, due to the recovery of world demand. There is a well-founded risk of an inflation rise below two percent, which is manageable in any case. on training and skills, on employment and employability, on safety and health, on involvement and participation. The scenario determined by the health emergency is characterized by multiple points of crisis, more or less accidents in the sectors that concern us. The aforementioned crisis is evident in the world of industry and services. The synthesis of this statement is based on various data found to date: the recovery of the price of oil and the increase in the prices of raw materials, due to the recovery of world demand. There is a well-founded risk of an inflation rise below two percent, which is manageable in any case. on training and skills, on employment and employability, on safety and health, on involvement and participation. The scenario determined by the health emergency is characterized by multiple points of crisis, more or less accidents in the sectors that concern us. The aforementioned crisis is evident in the world of industry and services. The synthesis of this statement is based on various data found to date: the recovery of the price of oil and the increase in the prices of raw materials, due to the recovery of world demand. There is a well-founded risk of an inflation rise below two percent, which is manageable in any case. The scenario determined by the health emergency is characterized by multiple points of crisis, more or less accidents in the sectors that concern us. The aforementioned crisis is evident in the world of industry and services. The synthesis of this statement is based on various data found to date: the recovery of the price of oil and the increase in the prices of raw materials, due to the recovery of world demand. There is a well-founded risk of an inflation rise below two percent, which is manageable in any case. The scenario determined by the health emergency is characterized by multiple points of crisis, more or less accidents in the sectors that concern us. The aforementioned crisis is evident in the world of industry and services. The synthesis of this statement is based on various data found to date: the recovery of the price of oil and the increase in the prices of raw materials, due to the recovery of world demand. There is a well-founded risk of an inflation rise below two percent, which is manageable in any case. due to the recovery of world demand. There is a well-founded risk of an inflation rise below two percent, which is manageable in any case. due to the recovery of world demand. There is a well-founded risk of an inflation rise below two percent, which is manageable in any case.
Manufacturing production has also withstood the discomfort caused by the viral pandemic and, above all, the sectors of the chemical-pharmaceutical industry have held up. A condition that records, however, some internal dichotomies: chemical products have gone well, those of the so-called “Made in Italy” have suffered a meltdown. Certainly, available European funds, such as those of the EU Next Generation, and national fiscal and industrial policies will be able to act as a stimulus to the growth of national wealth. The public debt itself is destined to increase, but it will also be financed by the aforementioned Community resources. The resources of the Sure Fund, for example, together with the national resources, have mitigated the decline in employment, deeply evident in the young generations. It was in the chemical-pharmaceutical sector that there was a good job holding and better data are expected in the quarter following the one ended yesterday. In short, in the contractual negotiation that we will have to put in place, the parties will have to take into account new priorities, such as the rethinking of the workplace; on issues of environmental transition; on those of digitization and research; on the perspectives dictated by globalization and interventionist policies driven by the public role. In the next five years, complex technologies will play a decisive role: from data security to Big Data; from working in heterogeneous teams to self-learning; from the containment of occupational risks to the centrality of the worker in the production cycle; from the decrease of repetitive and dangerous tasks to the increase of work stress. In this sense, the renewal of the next employment contract will not be easy and will have to be based on the key word of the person’s participation in the production system.THE HORIZONTAL SYSTEM IN THE ORGANIZATION OF WORK
The paradigm shift must be characterized by the transition from the vertical and hierarchical system to the horizontal and responsible system of the worker in the company where he carries out his professional action. It is necessary to move from a hierarchical model to a circular structure, because a de-responsible workforce that carries out directives drawn from above has a highly negative impact on the performance and innovation capacity of the companies themselves. Furthermore, precisely this time of health emergency due to the viral pandemic has posed the problem of managing at best the bargaining relating to the transition from home to agile work. It is clear, certainly in our opinion, that smart working remains a subordinate employment relationship. In 2020, with the aforementioned emergency we have estimated that about 8 million people have had to experience the continuation of work activities from their homes. An epochal change compared to only the previous year when, according to the observatory of the Politecnico di Milano, 700 thousand people carried out or experienced agile work for one or two days a week.
The company reference is the area where the production and logistics reorganization will be channeled. It is the business plan that will actually manage this employment relationship. It will be necessary to think about what procedures to follow at company level. There are workers who must necessarily be in the workplace and others who can carry out their professional activity from home. The union will have to fill the legislative vacuum on this issue as soon as possible. We need a protocol in which macro-areas are defined with rules based on the logic of safety at work because work is agile and served and still serves to eliminate first of all the pandemic contagion. National legislation is useful for defining the aforementioned macro-areas, while the company reference must constitute the specific area to channel the logistical production reorganization. It is the business plan that must actually manage the employment relationship. It is necessary to think about which procedures to follow at company level keeping in mind the point of arrival constituted by the joint examination in the company.
Each part concerning the employment relationship must follow this path: training, professional classification, salary scale and others. Employer and union delegates will have to sit at the table and bargain with each other. This too is a piece to add to the transformations that will affect the world of work and the production system. It is clear that the trade union believes in the participatory culture in the logic of the value of the company understood as a common good. But at the same time it opposes and stigmatizes any entrepreneurial attempt aimed at decentralization and outsourcing that determines the precariousness of work. Never before has it been necessary to reduce the risk deriving from the reduction of value chains and the protection of the self-sufficiency of our production, starting with those of primary chemicals. In the end, given that we believe, as repeatedly argued, that the person must be at the center of the production system, we will have to take care of guaranteeing psychological support in the drafting of specific protocols that will be signed to workers who will emerge from the health emergency, once it is concluded. A need that must be taken into account after months that have upset everyone’s life both on a human and professional level.
The next contractual renewal of the chemical-pharmaceutical sector will not be easy, but the industrial relations model that we have and that we implement on a daily basis, also through the periodic conduct of observers such as the one held today, represent a capacity for comparison between the trade unions and the entrepreneurial ones that know of a country aimed at European logic and international competition. We are confident of doing well.

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