If soaking in your shirts or an extremely wet handshake makes you feel embarrassed , one of these issues could explain why you sweat so much.

When you give it your all in the gym, you don’t mind breaking a sweat. After all, a soaking wet tank top is practically a badge of honor, a sign that you’re trying your hardest. However, dripping on a normal day at the office or when you’re having brunch with the family, on the other hand, is less ideal and, frankly, a bit unnerving. Here we explain why you might be extracting so much moisture and what you can do about it.

1. Why do I sweat so much?

Perspiration, in and of itself, is not a bad thing. It is a completely normal process that helps regulate core temperature. When the body heats up, it excretes sweat through the skin. As it evaporates (sweat is mostly water), it cools your body.

The hotter your body is because it is a very sunny day or you are exercising, or under mountains of stress, the more you will sweat. Nerves can also trigger sweat production, which is why you may feel your palms feel clammy when you’re in a job interview or on a first date.

2. How much sweat is normal?

You can leave drops on the pavement as you run, while your jogging partner barely shines, and that’s totally normal. Different people sweat different amounts, depending on their DNA. Your genes determine how many sweat glands you have. Most people have between two and four million, but know this: having more sweat glands doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll be a mess. People with fewer sweat glands can produce just as much moisture as those with more of them.

And if you live in a hot part of the country or exercise a lot, you’re going to sweat more than someone who needs to wear sweaters even in the summer. That’s just common sense.

3. Medication

Some medications, including certain antibiotics, some blood pressure medications, various psychiatric medications, and even over-the-counter (OTC) supplements can cause you to take off the shine.

4. Overactive thyroid

If this small, butterfly-shaped gland in your neck is producing high levels of the hormone thyroxine, your metabolism speeds up, leading you to feel toasty, according to the American Thyroid Association.

5. A chronic illness

Lung and heart disease and various types of cancer can also be a cause, but if one of these conditions causes excessive sweating, you’re more likely to notice other symptoms first.

6. Hyperhidrosis

The most common medical diagnosis for excessive sweating is hyperhidrosis, a central nervous system dysfunction that causes your body to produce what feels like buckets of sweat. Nearly 15 million people suffer from the disease; it typically affects the hands, feet, underarms, and face, according to a study published in the Dermatology Journal. Stress and nervousness can make the problem worse.

How do you know if you have it? If you’re going to shake someone’s hand and your hands are wet, that’s overkill. Patients who have hyperhidrosis complain that their feet slip out of their shoes, that antiperspirant doesn’t work, and that it affects their daily routine.

What can I do about excessive sweating?

– Change your diet. If you eat a lot of wings and spicy curries, cut them out of your diet. Bell peppers contain capsaicin, a compound that stimulates nerve receptors that trick your nervous system into thinking you’re hot. Skip the garlic too, because while it doesn’t make you perspire, the volatile organic compounds in the spice are more likely to make your sweat stink.

– Use the right antiperspirant. Look for the one that contains aluminum, which reduces moisture by blocking sweat ducts. If drugstore brands don’t keep you dry, your dermatologist may prescribe a stronger formula with more aluminum. Be careful: aluminum can cause itching.

– Try medicated wipes: Prescription wipes contain a solution that blocks the chemical that causes sweating. Just be sure to wash your hands after using them, as if the solution gets into your eyes, they can swell.

– Explore iontophoresis. This technique involves a device that passes a mild electrical current through a tray of water that supports the feet or hands (special equipment can help treat other areas of the body) to prevent sweating. Experts often recommend it for people who have tried prescription or clinical-strength antiperspirants but need something stronger, according to the International Hyperhidrosis Society. Although no one is sure how the procedure works, studies have found that iontophoresis helped 91 percent of patients with excessive sweating of the hands and feet.

– Pay for Botox. Wrinkle-filling injections have been approved by the FDA to treat underarm hyperhidrosis. You’ll need to get the injections every six to seven months, and that can be expensive ($1,500-$2,000 per treatment), especially since insurance doesn’t always cover the treatment.

– Give miraDry a try: This is an FDA approved device that permanently removes underarm sweat glands and odor. A local anesthetic is used to numb the area, then electromagnetic energy is applied to destroy the glands.

– Take oral medications. Drugs like glycopyrrolate block the chemical messenger acetylcholine as it tries to travel to the receptors in the sweat glands that are responsible for triggering sweating.

– Think about anti-anxiety medications. If your excessive sweating is caused by nervousness, beta blockers and other anti-anxiety medications can slow your pulse and help you stay calm. When you’re relaxed, you’re less likely to feel overheated.

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